一、系统约定

软件源代码包存放位置 /usr/local/src

源码包编译安装位置(prefix) /usr/local/software_name

脚本以及维护程序存放位置 /usr/local/sbin

MySQL 数据库位置 /var/lib/mysql(可按情况设置)

网站根目录 /home/www/wwwroot(可按情况设置)

虚拟主机日志根目录 /home/www/logs(可按情况设置)

运行账户 www:www

二、系统环境部署及调整

1、检查系统是否正常

# more /var/log/messages (检查有无系统级错误信息)

# dmesg (检查硬件设备是否有错误信息)

# ifconfig(检查网卡设置是否正确)

# ping www.163.com (检查网络是否正常)

# cat /proc/cpuinfo (检查CPU频率是否正常)

# top (按1检测CPU核数是否正常,内存大小是否正常)

2、关闭不需要的服务

# ntsysv

以下仅列出需要启动的服务,未列出的服务一律推荐关闭:

atd

crond

irqbalance

microcode_ctl

network

sendmail

sshd

syslog

关闭SElinux:修改/etc/selinux/config文件中的SELINUX= 为 disabled

3、更换yum国内源

# cd /etc/yum.repos.d

# mv CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repo.save

# wget http://centos.ustc.edu.cn/CentOS-Base.repo.5

# mv CentOS-Base.repo.5 CentOS-Base.repo

# yum clean all

4、服务器时间检查和设置

#data (检查时间是否正确,是否是中国时间CST)

#cp -f /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime (如果时区不对,则执行,时间正常的跳过)

#yum -y install ntp (安装ntp对时工具)

#chkconfig ntpd on (让对时服务开机启动)

5、使用 yum 对系统进行更新并且安装必要软件包

#yum update –y

#yum -y install make openssl openssl-devel pcre pcre-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg-6b libjpeg-devel-6b freetype freetype-devel gd gd-devel zlib zlib-devel gcc gcc-c++ libXpm libXpm-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel imake autoconf automake screen sysstat compat-libstdc++-33 curl curl-devel

6. 重新启动系统

# init 6

三、编译安装L.A.M.P环境

1、下载软件(截止到09年10月的最新版本)

# cd /usr/local/src

#wget http://sysoev.ru/nginx/nginx-0.7.63.tar.gz

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/nginx

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/php-fpm.conf

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/nginx.conf

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/fcgi.conf

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/php-5.2.10.tar.gz

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/php-5.2.10-fpm-0.5.13.diff.gz

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz (32位系统)

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz (64位系统)

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/mysql-5.1.39-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz (32位系统)

#wget http://download.scientificlinux.net/mysql-5.1.39-linux-x86_64-glibc23.tar.gz (64位系统)

2、安装MySQL

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf mysql-5.1.39-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz

mv mysql-5.1.39-linux-i686-glibc23 /usr/local/

ln -s /usr/local/mysql-5.1.39-linux-i686-glibc23/ /usr/local/mysql

groupadd mysql

useradd -g mysql mysql

chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql

chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql-5.1.39-linux-i686-glibc23/

cd /usr/local/mysql

./scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql

cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld

chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld

chkconfig –add mysqld

chkconfig –level 3 mysqld on

cp ./support-files/my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf

mv /usr/local/mysql/data /var/lib/mysql

chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql

编辑/etc/my.cnf

在 [mysqld] 段增加

datadir = /var/lib/mysql

skip-innodb

wait-timeout = 10

max_connections = 512

max_connect_errors = 10000000

在 [mysqld] 段修改

max_allowed_packet = 16M

thread_cache_size = CPU个数*2

将 log-bin 注释

service mysqld start

bin/mysqladmin -u root password ‘password_for_root’

其中引号内的password_for_root是要设置的root密码

3、安装Nginx

cd /usr/local/src/

tar zxvf nginx-0.7.63.tar.gz

cd nginx-0.7.63

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/nginx –conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf –with-http_realip_module –with-http_addition_module –with-http_gzip_static_module –with-http_random_index_module –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_sub_module –with-http_dav_module

make

make install

cp /usr/local/src/nginx /etc/init.d/nginx

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx

chkconfig –add nginx

chkconfig nginx on

4、安装PHP和Zend

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf php-5.2.10.tar.gz

gzip -cd php-5.2.10-fpm-0.5.13.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.10 -p1

cd php-5.2.10

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php5 –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/etc/cgi –enable-mbstring –enable-ftp –with-gd –with-jpeg-dir=/usr –with-png-dir=/usr –enable-magic-quotes –with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql –with-pear –enable-sockets –with-ttf –with-freetype-dir=/usr –enable-gd-native-ttf –with-zlib –enable-sysvsem –enable-sysvshm –with-libxml-dir=/usr –enable-force-cgi-redirect –enable-fastcgi –with-xmlrpc –enable-zip –enable-fpm

make

make install

mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/cgi/

cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/etc/cgi/php.ini

编辑/usr/local/etc/cgi/php.ini

找到disable_functions =这行,在=号后面加上exec,system,passthru,shell_exec,escapeshellarg,escapeshellcmd,proc_close,proc_open,dl,popen,show_source

找到; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0这行去掉前面;号,如果这行=号后面不是0,则修改成0

mv -f /usr/local/src/php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf

groupadd www

useradd -g www www

echo ‘ulimit -SHn 65535’ >> /etc/rc.local

echo ‘/usr/local/php5/sbin/php-fpm start’ >> /etc/rc.local

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz

cd ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-i386

./install

(注意第一个要填的路径是Zend安装路径,第二个是php.ini所在的路径,即/usr/local/etc/cgi)

(不要选重启apache)

5、启动Nginx和php

mv -f /usr/local/src/fcgi.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/

cp -f /usr/local/src/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

mkdir -p /home/www/wwwroot

ulimit -SHn 65535

/usr/local/php5/sbin/php-fpm start

service nginx start

在/home/www/wwwroot放入一个index.php,内容为

打开浏览器访问,即可看到phpinfo页面

6、设置系统防火墙

编辑/usr/local/sbin/fw.sh

复制以下内容进去

#!/bin/bash

# Stop iptables service first

service iptables stop

# Load FTP Kernel modules

/sbin/modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp

/sbin/modprobe ip_nat_ftp

# Inital chains default policy

/sbin/iptables -F -t filter

/sbin/iptables -P INPUT DROP

/sbin/iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT

# Enable Native Network Transfer

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

# Accept Established Connections

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -m state –state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

# ICMP Control

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -p icmp -m limit –limit 1/s –limit-burst 10 -j ACCEPT

# WWW Service

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT

# FTP Service

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -p tcp –dport 21 -j ACCEPT

# SSH Service

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -p tcp –dport 22 -j ACCEPT

退出编辑,执行以下命令

# chmod 755 /usr/local/sbin/fw.sh

# echo ‘/usr/local/sbin/fw.sh’ >> /etc/rc.local

# /usr/local/sbin/fw.sh

- EOF -

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